The Specifics Of An HTTPS Proxy Server
Most people are aware that HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol and is used as a standard way for data to be communicated over the internet (World Wide Web). It is not a specific program but rather a set of rules that allows for all types of files from graphics and photos to text and music or sound files.
When anyone accesses a website, they will automatically be using HTTP. HTTPS is an additional level of security that stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). In order to achieve this extra security for the transfer of data using the Secure Sockets Layer technology, there must be an SSL/TLS certificate in place that incorporates the use of Public Key Infrastructure.
The SSL certificate, which is more correctly known as a TLS or Transport Layer Security certificate is granted to a website owner or agent by a Certificate Authority. The Certificate Authority (CA), which in this case is Comodo, grants the certificate for the specific domain, domains and/or subdomains after verifying and validating the information provided by the applicant to the specific level requested.
The domain level is the most basic and the extended validation or EV level is the most advanced and provides the highest assurance. All types of certificates issued by Comodo offer 256 bit encryption and 2048 bit signing keys, meeting all standards required for CAs by the AICPA/CICA WebTrust for Certification Authorities Principles and Criteria.
The data is encrypted and decrypted by the public and private keys. The public key is linked to the certificate and the private key resides on the server where the certificate is installed. This ensures that only data encrypted by the public key can be decrypted by the paired private key and not by any other key.
When using an HTTPS proxy server, there is very little difference in how the server functions from a HTTP server. It is set up between the internal network and the internet. All requests to any website, including HTTP or HTTPS sites go through the intermediate server, the proxy, and appear to the website to originate from the server.
This protects the interior IP addresses in a network. Not only does this limit the information that hackers can obtain about the interior network, but it also allows the network IT administrator to control access to specific sites and to more effectively manage the use of resources.
With the HTTPS proxy server, it is possible to have cached resources for commonly accessed pages using HTTPS. This eliminates the need for bandwidth usage to go to the site for these pages. Instead, they simply load from the cache on the server.
The HTTPS proxy server can be used in conjunction with SSL certificates and, in fact, will have additional benefits. When using just the SSL or PKI cert to encrypt data, some information will still be available, including which sites you are visiting and which sites you are sending information to and from. While the contents will be fully encrypted, it can give hackers the opportunity create phishing email that may potentially allow them to gain access to information.
With the use of the proxy, that information is completely protected and the address of your device is absent from the data. It would be impossible for a phishing or a spoof email or website to then trace back to your device, it would simply locate the server and not be able to penetrate the system.
Additionally, for those that are traveling, connecting to a secure corporate server using this technology will never allow information on the exact location of the user to be provided through the IP address of the originating message. All the recipient of an email or data will know is that it came from the specific proxy server, exactly the same as if you were sitting at your desk in your office.
Most companies both large and small use an HTTPS proxy server for optimal security. There are some specific setup steps with the HTTPS server with information readily available in our knowledgebase to help you to get started.
For any questions on securing your email, domains, subdomains or networks, give our sales staff a call today at +1 888 266 6361. We are also available online at https://www.instantssl.com. Talk to us through our Live Chat to get fast, friendly information or directions to articles and knowledgebase resources that provide the answers to all of your questions.